Magic Waters, Cenotes
Cuzamá, this area is very well known for the large number of cenotes found here. The tour through the cenotes is done in trucks, small cars pulled by horses, along seven kilometers of vegetation. The main cenotes are Chelentún, with concrete stars has incredibly blue and clear water, ideal for swimming; Chacsinic-che, has also crystal clear waters; and Bolonchojol, one of the most beautiful cenotes in Yucatan, it is accessed by a wooden ladder that disappears dramatically into a round hole cut into the rock, swimming here is an unforgettable experience.
Sotuta de Peón, one of the few henequen haciendas in full production, the tour will show you a Mayan house, and the amazing Dzul-há cenote, where you can swim; schedule: Monday to Saturday 9:00 to 16:00 hrs.
Tekit, offers a deep cave-cenote, archaeological ruins known as Chumul, the Ex-convent of San Antonio de Padua, and the Chapel of San Cristóbal.
Nature and Adventure in Yucatán
As a result of a meteorite impact 65 million years ago, a vast network of underwater caves, known as cenotes, were formed. This cenotes or sinkholes are natural places of great beauty, and perfect for an exciting adventure.
Yucatan also offers parks and Natural Protected Areas recognized for their biodiversity, such as Celestun and Ria Lagartos, with lush vegetation, mangrove tunnels and home to thousands of pink flamingos.
Yucatan offers a broad, varied range of recreational activities for adventurous nature-lovers like: trekking, zip lining, cave diving and horseback riding, among many others.
Exploring grottoes, caves and cenotes
There are various caves, grottoes and sinkholes, ideal to explore, swim or dive. One of the wonders found in Yucatan are the cenotes, it is estimated that there are over 3,000 with only 1400 actually studied and registered. The Maya considered the Cenotes as the entrance to their “Underworld”, called U’kux Xibalba.
Cenotes in Cuzamá, a tour along the different cenotes is made in a “truck” pulled by horses throughout 7 Km of trails enriched by nature.
Cenote Zací, Semi-opened well; swimming its allowed in its refreshing turquoise waters where you will see rare species of eyeless black fish known as “lub”.
Cenote Xlacah, open sinkhole that goes down to this depth at a sharp angle. It is located in the archaeological zone of Dzibilchaltun. Veleta fish lives here. Cenote Sambulá, it is characterized by its warm and clear waters and it is located inside a grotto. Cenote Dzinup ó X’keken, this is an underground cenote with a hole in the ceiling. It is probably one of the most beautiful cenotes of Yucatan, famous for its deep, refreshing and crystal clear waters ideal for swimming.
Grutas de Balankanche, you should visit this place for the beauty of its natural stone formations and for its archaeological importance as a ceremonial site for the Maya. Grutas de Loltún, one of the biggest known from the huge cave system that covers a great territory in southern Yucatan. They have been arranged for a safe tour, approximately 1000 meters of illuminated paths.
One of the premier birding destinations in North America is the Yucatan Peninsula. In the State of Yucatan there is 443 species of birds, almost half of Mexico’s 1,050. The birding is easy in terms of climate and terrain. The major birding areas are safely accessible by car on well-maintained roads, and excellent guides are available. Cenotes and Petenes, as well as the Mayan archaeological sites with easy paths, are always productive places.
The best time for bird watchers is during winter. You can watch: ocellated turkey, the great curassow, the Yucatecan quail, black-headed gull, and the Yucatán poorwill, among others.
The Rio Lagartos Reserve is considered an especially important reserve for aquatic birds, with 395 species, the most of any of the reserves. From late winter into spring, thousands of bright pink flamingos crowd the estuaries of this beautiful natural destination, 90% of the entire flamingo population of the western hemisphere come to Ría Lagartos to nest.
Celestun Biosphere Reserve, is considered a pink flamingo sanctuary, and is also home of over 300 birds’ species among residents, migratory and endemics. Here you will find great combination of different habitats like Tropical Forest, Mangrove Forest and Sand Dune vegetation where you will be able to see tropical birds, water birds and shorebirds.
The “Laguna Rosada”, near Telchac Puerto, home to migratory birds, and a large flamingo colony.
The Yucatan Bird Festival takes place from March to November. The activities include field trips, conferences, workshops, photography and drawing contest, activities in the Merida Zoo, and a “bird-a-thon”, among others.